Understanding an organization’s legal and ethical responsibilities is an important part of what information security professionals offer businesses. How a business approaches its liability for privacy and security risks is often guided by advice from IT professionals.
Businesses depend on Information Technology and Security professionals to help them maintain security. These professionals offer guidance on how to establish and enforce policies that employees must follow within the workplace. These organizational regulations include employee acknowledgment of regulations and a clear description of penalties for any who do not comply.
IT professionals must therefore be familiar with the laws that govern their industry, including conflicts that occur between organizations and people as well as behaviors that harm society and citizens. Businesses have strict rules about how employees can use and share information, as information theft can lead to litigation and fines.
The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 is the cornerstone of many federal laws and enforcement efforts surrounding information technology. The National Information Infrastructure Protection Act of 1996 was added as an amendment in order to update certain sections and increase the penalties for some crimes. The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 provided law enforcement agencies with increased lee-way to combat terrorism-related activities, but posed immediate problems for many businesses who argued that they could not release private information received from customers. The 2006 amendment, the USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act, made permanent fourteen of the sixteen expanded powers of the Department of Homeland Security and the FBI.
Businesses consider these federal regulations, as well as many state laws and statutes, when determining how to manage their information data. At the same time, with the increase in hacking and cybercrime, businesses must use firewalls and other security measures to protect themselves. Information Technology experts are at the forefront of many current issues facing the nation and business.
At New England Institute of Technology, the Master’s in Information Technology introduces students to the vital legal issues facing IT in today’s business world. IT professionals need the ability to identify and manage potential legal, ethical, and political issues that arise in computer, internet, cybersecurity, and other high-technology areas in order to support and protect the companies where they work.
In the MSIT course program, one course is entirely dedicated to IT and the Law, so that students have the opportunity to learn how to analyze the legal issues confronting today’s information technology arena. It provides a foundation of the basic legal concepts upon which IT activities and transactions are based so that students are better prepared for careers as industry leaders.
Discover more about how New England Institute of Technology helps you become a knowledgeable leader in the IT industry.